Exploring Phylogenetic Relationships between Hundreds of Plant Fatty Acids Synthesized by Thousands of Plants. more details ...
Abstract The fatty acid composition of the seed oils of Thespesia populnea and cotton variety SG-747 (Gossypium hirsutum) were studied to identity their 17-carbon fatty acids. With a combination of chemical derivatization, gas chromatography, and mass spectrometry, 8-heptadecenoic acid, 9-heptadecenoic acid, and 8,11-heptadecadienoic acids were identified in both oils. Additionally, traces of 10-heptadecenoic acid were identified in the T. populnea oil. Although these odd-carbon number fatty acids are present in only minor amounts in cottonseed oil, they make up about *2 % of the fatty acids in T. populnea seed oil. The identification of these acids indicates that fatty acid a-oxidation is not restricted to cyclopropene fatty acids in these plants, but also occurs with unsaturated fatty acids. Combined with malvalic acid (generally accepted as being formed by a-oxidation of sterculic acid), *7 % of the fatty acids in T. populnea seed have under gone a-oxidization. The results should help clarify the composition of T. populnea seed oil, which has been reported inconsistently in the literature.

Authors: Dowd, Michael K.

Journal: Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society

Year: 2012

Volume: 89

Page: 1599-1609


DOI: 10.1007/s11746-012-2071-5

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