Exploring Phylogenetic Relationships between Hundreds of Plant Fatty Acids Synthesized by Thousands of Plants. more details ...
Abstract Seed oils were hydrolyzed under mild conditions and the major conjugated fatty acid of each oil was isolated and identified. In two families, species which were closely related botanically contained different but isomeric acids. Thus, in the Bignoniaceae, Jacaranda chelonia had cis trans,cis-8,10,12-octadecatrienoic acid as a major acid while Catalpa speciosa had trans,trans,cis-9,11,13-octadecatrienoic acid. In the Cucurbitaceae, Momordica charantia had the ordinary cis,trans,trans-9,11,13-octadecatrienoic (α-eleostearic) acid while M. balsamina had cis,trans,cis-9,11,13-octadecatrienoic (punicic) acid. M. balsamina is a new and convenient source of punicic acid. α-Eleostearic acid was identified as a major acid in examples of Valerianaceae and Rosaceae. Further proof was obtained that the fatty acid of Calendula officinalis (Compositae) is trans,trans,cis-8,10,12-octadecatrienoic acid.

Authors: Hopkins, C. Y.; Chisholm, M. J.

Journal: Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie

Year: 1962

Volume: 40

Page: 2078-&

UID: WOS:A19627944A00013

DOI: 10.1139/v62-319