Exploring Phylogenetic Relationships between Hundreds of Plant Fatty Acids Synthesized by Thousands of Plants. more details ...
Abstract A comparative study is presented of the FA composition (FAC) of the seed oils from the yellow passion fruit Passiflora edulis Sims var. flavicarpa (I), the purple fruit Passiflora edulis Sims var. edulis (II), the purple Kawanda hybrid, which is a cross between I and II (III), and the light-yellow apple passion fruit Passiflora maliformis L. (IV) grown in Uganda. Oil yields from the four varieties were between 18.5 and 28.3%. A GC analysis of the oils showed the most dominant FA to be linoleic (67.8-74.3%), oleic (13.6-16.9%), palmitic (8.8-11.0%), stearic (2.2-3.1%), and α-linolenic (0.3-0.4%) acids. The unsaturated FA content in the oils was high (85.4-88.6%). Iodine values of the seed oils of I, II, III, and IV calculated from the FAC were 133, 141, 133, and 138, respectively. The FAC and the iodine value of the seed oil in III are distinctly closer to the rootstock (I) than the scion (II). This indicates that the rootstock influence on the FAC of passion fruit seeds is graft-transmissible. The study further confirms that passion fruit seed oils represent a good source of essential unsaturated FA. Copyright © 2005 by AOCS Press.

Authors: Nyanzi, S. A.; Carstensen, B.; Schwack, W.

Journal: JAOCS, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society

Year: 2005

Volume: 82

Page: 41-44

UID: None

URL: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-29744445303&partnerID=40&md5=86b156c692c33423f987504b72f67b7c

DOI: 10.1007/s11746-005-1040-2