Michigan State University
Seeds of the citrus fruits orange, mandarin, lime and grapefruit were analyzed. Petroleum ether-extracted oils of such seeds amounted to more than 40% of each. Physical and chemical properties of the extracted oils are presented. Samples of the extracted oils were saponified and the unsaponifiables and fatty acid fractions isolated. The isolated unsaponifiables and fatty acids were analyzed by GLC. GLC analysis of the unsaponifiables revealed compositional patterns differ-ent in number, type and relative concentration of fractions according to type of citrus seed oil, depending on the solvent system used for oil extraction and unsaponifiable matter isolation. The compositional patterns of the unsaponifiables were similar to that of cottonseed oil. Mandarin and grapefruit oils are free of cholesterol. The data demonstrate that the fatty acid compositional patterns of the oils differ; Mandarin seed oil contains the largest number of fatty acids, and grapefruit seed oil contains the lowest. The total amounts of volatile fatty acids in these oils are generally higher than those of other edible oils. Lime seed oil is similar, in the degree of unsaturation, to soybean oil. The orange oil pattern is similar to cottonseed oil. The amount of total essential fatty acids in lime seed oil is the highest of the oils studied. © 1986 American Oil Chemists' Society.