The lipid composition and oil content of ten edible seed species from North Vietnam (Cassia tora, Ipomoea aquatica, Raphanus sativus, Citrullus lanatus, Cucumis melo, Cucurbita pepo, Luffa cylindrica, Phaseolus vulgaris, Vigna aurea, Sesamum orientale) have been investigated. The contents of hydrocarbon, triacylglycerol, free fatty acid, sterol, di- and monoglycerol, and polar lipid fractions have been determined with a thin-layer chromatography (TLC)/flame-ionization detection analyzer. Molecular species of hydrogenated triacylglycerols and the fatty acid composition of total lipids also have been analyzed by capillary gas-liquid chromatography. The quantities of major phospholipid classes of four seed species (C. tora, I. aquatica, R. sativus, V. aurea) have been determined by two-dimensional TLC and the spectrophotometrical phosphorus analysis. The fatty acid compositions of nonpolar and polar lipid fractions of these four species also have been analyzed. © 1995 AOCS Press.