Exploring Phylogenetic Relationships between Hundreds of Plant Fatty Acids Synthesized by Thousands of Plants. more details ...
Abstract Dimorphotheca pluvialis is increasingly recognized as an interesting industrial new oilseed crop because it contains up to 60% of the unusual fatty acid dimorphecolic acid (9-hydroxy,10 t,12 t-18:2) (DA) for which new applications are being developed. In this paper, the yield, composition and quality are evaluated for dimorphotheca oils (DMO) which were recovered by pressing, conventional solvent extraction and supercritical carbon dioxide extraction (SCE). Mechanical pressing of the seeds required high temperatures and resulted in an oil recovery of only 40%, whereas the extraction protocols yielded more than 95%. Oil recovery by pressing of winged seed was even more difficult than that of unwinged seeds; hence, solvent extraction of winged seeds was preferred. The dark-colored DMO, recovered by expelling or by extraction with organic solvents, needed further refining to remove pigments and gums, whereas the light yellow-colored SCE DMO did not require further refining. SCE oil had a low phospholipid content (11 mg P/kg). Pressed oil (95 mg P/kg) and hexaneor pentane-extracted DMO (200 mgP/kg) had much higher phospholipid contents. Peroxide and p-anisidine values were low for freshly recovered oils, but increased after storage, especially in the SCE oil, due to the low concentration of natural antioxidants in SCE DMO, such as tocopherols. The DA content of the oils recovered by the various techniques showed only minor differences, except that supercritical carbon dioxide had slightly decreased solubilizing power for tri- and di-dimorphecolin as compared to hexane and pentane. © 1994 American Oil Chemists' Society.

Authors: Muuse, B. G.; Petrus Cuperus, F.; Derksen, J. T. P.

Journal: Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society

Year: 1994

Volume: 71

Page: 313-317

UID: WOS:A1994NA52400012

URL: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-0028396119&partnerID=40&md5=b9400d9c6677816bedb4573950f23e0e

DOI: 10.1007/BF02638059

Plants View All 6 Datasets
Genus Species Data Points
Dimorphotheca pluvialis 42