Michigan State University
When in contact with silver nitratesilica gel, methyl esters of cyclopropene fatty acids undergo ring opening to yield pairs of isomers with methylene, hydroxymethyl, or nitratomethyl side-chains at the original ring positions. Thus the main products from methyl sterculate were the methyl 9 (or 10)-methylene octadec-10 (or 8)-enoates, and, in lesser quantities, the methyl 9 (or 10)-(nitratomethyl)-octadec-9-enoates and the methyl 9 (or 10)-(hydroxymethyl)-octadec-9-enoates. Hydrogenation quantitatively converted this mixture of isomeric pairs to a mixture of methyl 9- and methyl 10-methyloctadecanoates. Chromatography on silver nitrate-silica gel, followed by gas chromatography of the hydrogenated products, has been used as the basis of a new method for estimating individual cyclopropene and cyclopropane acids in lipids. © 1967 American Oil Chemists' Society.