Exploring Phylogenetic Relationships between Hundreds of Plant Fatty Acids Synthesized by Thousands of Plants. more details ...
Abstract The seeds of Quamoclit coccinea, Ipomaea horsfalliae, Argyria aggregata, Merremia pentaphylla (Convolvulaceae), Indigofera hirsuta, Dalbergia melanoxylon and Bauhinia vahlii (Leguminosae) as well as the oils extracted therefrom were analysed for physico-chemical characteristics and composition. The oil content was appreciable in Q. coccinea (22.6%), I. horsfalliae (19.8%), A. aggregata (13.5%) and D. melanoxylon (13.8%) seeds. The protein content was high (21.8–26.9%) in all except in M. pentaphylla and B. vahlii seeds. The iodine values ranged from 87.6 to 132.8. The content of unsaponifiable matter was low in all the oils. The predominant fatty acid was linoleic (34.3–59.7%), the other major acids being palmitic (14.4–23.8%) and oleic (6.5–22.1%). Significant quantities of stearic and longerchain saturated acids were also present.

Authors: Kittur, M. H.; Mahajanshetti, C. S.; Lakshminarayana, G.

Journal: Fett Wissenschaft Technologie-Fat Science Technology

Year: 1987

Volume: 89

Page: 269-270

UID: WOS:A1987J414400005

DOI: 10.1002/lipi.19870890706